Friday, August 21, 2020
Philiosophy - Essay Example It was a consuming issue around then and didn't end until 1998. The ecological harm done turned into a wellspring of extraordinary aggravation in the zone and stayed unsolved until 1998. For the most part, Hooker Chemicals and Plastics Company who brought this bundle of land for dumping concoction squanders are the ones, accused for this entire defilement and the hurtful impacts it forced on the individuals living in the zones close by and it is right at all to put fault on them. (Michael Harold Brown, 1980) Did Hooker know the harm it has caused to the channel region throughout the years? Had the organization done it purposefully or unexpectedly? What amount dependable is simply the administration and open who got influenced in this situation? The organization knew about the risky realities and furthermore knew about what it had done before shutting the landfill in mid 1950s. Else, it didn't have challenged its exhuming. Further saw, it expelled itself from any sort of risk at the h our of offering the land to the nearby government. This makes it clear no ifs, ands or buts that the organization realized what harm it has presented to the entire territory. Both these reasons comply with the finding that Hooker comprehended what he had done to Love trench. (Hooker Chemicals and Plastics Corp. Open Affairs Dept.; 1980) Before shutting the landfill in 1950s, the organization played it safe yet continued dumping its risky concoction squanders in the landfill, for who was going to bring up an issue on them. It was not subsequent to shutting the landfill that Hooker began taking some prudent activities. This time Hooker truly worked and rather perseveringly to contain the squanders. It fixed the trench with impervious cement, and set a waterproof fired top over the synthetics to keep water from entering. There precautionary measures far surpassed basic practice at that point. Accentuation being on far surpassed. For what reason was the organization so cognizant about a voiding potential risk at when it had not in any case tried to take one preceding? Answer is again the equivalent. Hooker knew the harm the sullying has done and for a similar explanation it had challenged the unearthing of Love waterway. The precautionary measures were simply to shroud the grisly impacts of its exercises from the majority and government. Had there been no expulsion of the earthenware tops and solid dividers, nobody would have realized the harm organization had done. (Hooker Chemicals and Plastics Corp. Advertising Dept.; 1980; Seebauer and Barry 2000) what's more, the organization didn't unveil the insights concerning the substance of the landfill. There are extraordinary numerous realities that scope to a similar end: Hooker was the one in particular who was answerable for the natural harm in Love trench and the close by territories. It may be with the goal that just to get away from the substantial fine and charges for the infringement of laws, the organization d id all the essential sensational exhibition to shroud what they had done to nature. The way that open didn't grievance about the wellbeing harm because of the sad substance squandering in the Love trench with the exception of some not many owes to another reality. Hooker was the significant business in the region and had some extraordinary impact. This was sufficient to prevent them from criticizing the organization. Their own employments would have been at serious risk on the off chance that they even idea about bringing the issue up to the GovernmentÃ¢â¬â¢s thought. Hooker Chemicals was not the slightest bit a socially capable organization, likewise saw by various residents.
Saturday, July 11, 2020
Compare and Contrast Essay Samples - What You Should Look ForAre you looking for some free compare and contrast essay samples? Or maybe you just need some help finding a class to start? You should find a few of these free resources so that you can work with them.If you're considering taking an English composition class, you'll want to know whether the class will be a 'high' level of concentration, or whether it will be more of a 'standard' level of concentration. This is important because your concentration level will determine what type of essays you will be able to write and have high school students writing in your classes.A good place to look for these free resources would be college writing sites. You can find some sample essays on the colleges' website. Some of the papers will be high concentration, while others will be standard.It's important to know what the average grade is, even though you're going to be doing a lot of upper division writing assignments. These lower grade e ssay samples might be helpful if you have questions about the class you are taking.High school kids love to compare and contrast. They enjoy figuring out what makes one essay better than another. The challenge is how they can figure this out without having to really analyze each one.The best way to learn how to do this is to read through a few of the free samples that are available on the internet. You should get a feel for how the writers handle their essays. You should also be able to read through some essay samples and see which of the sentences and paragraphs appeal to you the most.This is how you can figure out what you want to study on the test. Then you can pick out the sentences that stand out to you the most and work on them for practice tests. Then you can move on to the ones that appeal to you less.It can take time to review the free essays and compare and contrast essay samples. However, this is the only way to make sure that you will be prepared for the SAT. As long as you know what sort of essay is appropriate for what kind of exam, you will have a much better chance of taking the exam and scoring well.
Wednesday, May 20, 2020
The scenario I want to discuss about is whether a Utilitarian would be with or against torture in the given scenario. If a terrorist planted a bomb in a mall, and in order to save the people within it was to torture the innocent terroristÃ¢â¬â¢s daughter, would the terrorist be with or against torturing one to save thousands? Personally with what great knowledge IÃ¢â¬â¢ve obtained in class I can automatically say that a Utilitarian would be for torturing the daughter because itÃ¢â¬â¢s all about maximizing utility. With that being said A Philosopher by the name of Joshua Green found out just that. Joshua Greene basically argued in his piece Ã¢â¬Å"Moral TribesÃ¢â¬ for of which what the Ã¢â¬Å"Father of UtilitarianismÃ¢â¬ , Bentham, states. Bentham said Ã¢â¬Å"The Greatest goodÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦So initially with the innocent daughter of the terrorist, it isnÃ¢â¬â¢t about the daughterÃ¢â¬â¢s life. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s bigger than just her; itÃ¢â¬â¢s the thousands within the mall. So Bentham of which would be for torture. According to an online dictionary, said by the work of an Italian Philosopher Cesare Beccaria; Bentham formed a belief towards his views about torture. He in certain cases according to the web believed that torture could be justified. Meaning in some cases it can give better results than if not taking in account, removes problems immediately if you may With the use of Hedonic Calculus we can calculate the sum total of pleasure and pain produced from a particular act, thus the total value of its consequences. The units of pleasure are known as hedons, when we run our possible outcomes, the actions that yield the most hedons are the morally good actions. This turns morality into one big cost-benefit analysis. When choosing what action is right we consider the pleasures and pains resulting from it. In other words we look at the extent, intensity and duration. By intensity we mean how intense is the pleasure or pain? According to philosophy Lander Educational site, Bentham apparently thought intensity would vary from zero to infinity. By duration we mean how long does the pleasure of pain last? Also by Extent Bentham meant the total amount of utility or pleasure can be had by summing a similar calculation for every other person who is affected
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Cedric Quintana Prof Cassidy Litle Eng 122-008 July 15, 2017 Rights of Nature We must take care of our environment by continually educating our youth on natural selection and the four laws of ecology, and supporting environmental movements that recognize the rights of nature. Impacts of climate change are increasingly felt by EarthÃ¢â¬â¢s inhabitants including us, humans. The current warming, which is only one degree Celsius, has affected different ecological processes such as Ã¢â¬Å"speciesÃ¢â¬â¢ genetics, seasonal response, overall distribution, and even morphologyÃ¢â¬ (Hance). Species are suddenly disappearing. A study conducted by Ã¢â¬Å"PLOS Biology found that more than 450 plants and animals have undergone local extinctions due to climate changeÃ¢â¬ (Hance).Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦(Martin) We still should maintain that the ecosystem consists of living species, which in their nature have the right to evolve. Significantly, in 2008 Ecuador granted a statutory right on nature in which a sustainable model of progress guarantees the Ã¢â¬Å"conservation of biodiversity and the recovering capacity of ecosystems. For example, Ã¢â¬Å"fish and other species in a river may be recognized as having the right to exist and evolveÃ¢â¬ (Martin). Ecologists are then pursuing legal protection of natureÃ¢â¬â¢s right to evolve. This is an appropriate response to DarwinÃ¢â¬â¢s implications of natural selection. But why such law does not seize the attention of the global audience? Ecuador, Bolivia, and Argentina are the only countries, so far, which embrace the right of nature to evolve (Laitos). Instead, we misuse natural resources which results in health-issues and pollution (Laitos). We also accelerate the natureÃ¢â¬â¢s course to evolution through artificial selection or selective breeding. Artificial selection gets in the development of nature, which in turn produces lesser quality of a species. As Darwin puts it: Ã¢â¬Å"How fleeting are the wishes and efforts of man!Ã¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"How short his time, and consequently how poor will his products be, compared with those accumulated by nature during whole geological periods.Ã¢â¬ (Martin) In other words, we weaken the art of nature. We selfishly only look at our own interest. Our ownShow MoreRelatedMartin Luther King Jr. And Henry David Thoreau1311 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesdiscussed in American history and philosophy. American citizens expect the authority to work Ã¢â¬Å"for the good of the peopleÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"follow in everything the general willÃ¢â¬ , however, it was not always the case, according to influential American authors and civil rights activists Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and Henry David Thoreau. Although both of their works were written over a century apart, one cannot deny the fact that both of them successfully and nonviolently converted their ideology into action using differentRead MoreMary Wollstonecraft vs. Jean Jaques Rousseau Essay1044 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesAllison Link Global History 2 Honors Ã¢â¬â McIvor Enlightenment Essay 10/1/12 The late 18th century can be known as the historical period of the Enlightenment. During this time, society was undergoing drastic changes that would impact people even today. These changes were known as Ã¢â¬Å"reforms,Ã¢â¬ and played a big role in politics and ruling during this time period. One of the bigger reforms of this time was that which would grant women a higher education and place them in a position closer to theirRead MoreMarilynne Robinsons Essay Darwinism1340 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesÃ¯ » ¿ Marilynne RobinsonÃ¢â¬â¢s Essay Ã¢â¬Å"DarwinismÃ¢â¬ Introduction to Christian Theology REL 103 Kaitlyn Spencer Marilynne Robinson is a Pulitzer-winning novelist who has graced us with her essays found in The Death of Adam. Robinson gives the read the feeling of being much more educated than he or she really is. These essays provide readers with different ways of discussing history, religion and society. They, although difficult to comprehend at times, are flawlessly arguedRead More Evaluation of Dworkins and Habermass Approach to Civil Disobedience1624 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesEvaluation of Dworkins and Habermass Approach to Civil Disobedience The following essay will attempt to evaluate the approach taken by Dworkin and Habermas on their views of civil disobedience. The two main pieces of literature referred to will be Dworkin?s paper on Civil Disobedience and Nuclear Protest? and Habermass paper on Civil Disobedience: Litmus Test for the Democratic Constitutional State. An outline of both Dworkins and Habermass approach will be given , further discussionRead MorePersuasive Essay921 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesPersuasive Essay Raquel Daniel COMM/215 Essentials of College Writing July 7, 2011 Cassundra Flemister-White Persuasive Essay Gangs Gangs are killing our upcoming generations. Gangs have always been around for many years and they are still growing. They are becoming more violent now because they are using more than just their body parts to beat up people. These gangs are killing and raping people. It used to be about colors and different language but now it is about something differentRead MoreComparing the Rights of Women from Essays Through the Eras1710 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesin verbal manners, they did it through writing. A Vindication of the Rights of Women by Mary Wollstonecraft, Taking Women Students Seriously by Adrienne Rich, and The Hiser Problem by Anne Fadiman are mere few of many essays which raised the issue of womens rights in society at large. They prodded, examined, and countered these issues with logical and sometimes persuasive arguments. On the other hand, in some other essays, the essayists used a tone of such anger that clearly conveys their disgustRead MoreThe Psychological Implications Of Le ading During A Catastrophic Event1453 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesCrisis management: the psychological implications of leading during a catastrophic event. How have leaders controlled stress-induced apprehension that impairs control and persuasive abilities to act during an extreme crisis? How have leaders successfully controlled stress-induced apprehension, therefore negatively affecting control and abilities to act during an extreme crisis? How do todayÃ¢â¬â¢s leadership theories apply in a volatile environment? Effective leadership in high-pressure situation occursRead MoreHow Persuasive Techniques Can Be Important1469 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesdifferent points of view. Each uses different techniques. The best way to understand how persuasive techniques can be used to convey a point of view is by reading examples of persuasive writing. The newspaper, particularly in the editorials and opinion pages, is full of examples. This will not only help you keep up with current events, it will also help you develop the language skills necessary to do persuasive writing yourself. Today s lesson objective is: students will be able to determine an authorRead MoreHaunted America by Patricia Nelson1324 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesWhy acknowledge history? The solution is because we essentially must to achieve access to the laboratory of human involvement. In the essay Ã¢â¬Å"Haunted AmericaÃ¢â¬ , Patricia Nelson takes a truly various and remarkably gallant stance on United States history. Through the recounting of the White/Modoc war in Ã¢â¬Å"Haunted America,Ã¢â¬ she brings to light the complexity and confusion of the White/Indian conflicts that is often missing in much of the history we read. Her account of the war, with the faults of bothRead More Emotive Response to Essays1425 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIn tenth grade, everyone in Mrs. DÃ¢â¬â¢s English class had to write an essay on an American author. No one was actually given a choice in the matter, nor was anyone allowed the option of choosing their author. That kind of option wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t have meant much to me anyway, seeing as I, like many sophomores in high school, had no interest in anything even remotely intellectual. FateÃ¢â¬â¢s ubiquitous hand dealt me Sherwood Anderson, a man I had never heard of (nor did I frankly care to know about). Despite the
Once upon a time. Those four simple words can charm children into being quiet and sitting around a person eager to hear the telling of a story. They can make the sweet and romantic heart of a young woman swoon to hear the tale of a two young lovers. Or make a young man daydream of becoming a conquering hero defeating a monstrous beast or winning the heart of a fair maiden. Stories have existed for so long, even before the idea of writing them down, they were being told around firesides and whenever a friend came to visit or help a friend. After greeting each other it would be sitting down with something to drink or eat and then the stories would begin. Nowadays when people mingle we tend to call those stories gossip, but they are stories, woven from fact, opinion, and a touch of imagination. Over the existence of humanity we began to want to have our words immortalized, remembered for years or centuries after we have long since passed on to the other side. So clay, paper, leaves, or even animal skin has been used to hold our stories alive. As a human being in the 21st century, I have come to love the existence of story-telling, be it from a book or from a person. So why am I going on about stories? It is because for all my love of stories and telling people about stories, I had not thought to tell anyone my story. Wellll to be precise several stories. Okay, okay since elementary school I have thought of tons of stories to tell. Alright to be accurate I have come up with about fifty stories. Yet as much as I love the ideas that come to me for those stories, there has been one that has been with me for a long time. Now I am going to give you a heads-up: I am a HUGE Harry Potter fan. Like siriusly I plan on getting a HP tattoo. I love the world J.K. Rowling created; itÃ¢â¬â¢s because of her story that IÃ¢â¬â¢ve become a better person. Now Harry Potter isnÃ¢â¬â¢t the only one that influenced me but if I hadnÃ¢â¬â¢t read it my story would not have become what it is today. You see when I was six years old I went and saw Harry Potter and the SorcerersÃ¢â¬â¢s Stone. After that I was hooked on Harry Potter. I canÃ¢â¬â¢t tell you how many times I imagined myself going to Hogwarts and how many ways I thought of going up just to put on the Sorting Hat. As the years went by I was becoming a fan of magic. Angel, Hercules, Charmed, and Sabrina Teenage Witch are just a small, SMALL, handful of shows that expanded my love for it. There were also some books that sparked it. Why one small little series found itÃ¢â¬â¢s way to capture my heart just like Harry Potter had. It is called the Unicorns of Balinor by Mary Stanton. That series was like a gateway to the heaven of chocolate. In that story the Unicorns are able to cross into other worlds and as I loved this idea I imagined that this world crossed into the Harry Potter world. IÃ¢â¬â¢d imagine I was a character in one book and I could go to the other book and be this important heroine, (I have to thank Buffy and Xena for the wanting to be a heroine). This went on until I was in fifth grade when a new series found its way in my life and all I can say is this. Thank the Lord for Anne McCaffrey! Okay I know that was a little unclear, so to begin with IÃ¢â¬â¢ll let you in on a fact about my first sight of the Dragonrider series. Boring! You see my mom and I love reading but we donÃ¢â¬â¢t have the same interest in genres. Except fantasy. Also during this time I was desperately wanting to separate myself as far from my mom as I could mentally and emotionally. I was in the last grade of elementary school and had almost read all the interesting fantasy, fictional books in the library. One day I came across my mom reading Anne McCaffreyÃ¢â¬â¢s book, I thought it looked good because there was a dragon on it; then she told me it was sci-fi. Blah was what I thought and I decided not to read it. The only sci-fi I was interested in was the sci-fi channel. However one day after the library I saw the book The Girl Who Heard Dragons. So I picked it up and began to read it andsighh what can I say: I fell in love. After a few pages I knocked my stubborn wall down and decided to read the series. At the library I checked out the first book of the series Dragonflight and well history had shown me that IÃ¢â¬â¢d start picturing myself in that world. And boy did I fall into that world quick. So three completely different worlds became one in my heart, however Dragonflight and Balinor existed on different worlds whereas Harry Potter was only in London. But that didnÃ¢â¬â¢t stop me from dreaming up a world made from them and making a world entirely of my own. While in middle school I began to feel that I wanted to write it down to tell the world my dreams. My desire to help the world wanted to leap out and shout it from the roof top. Yet it just wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t right, though the stories I made were good it just was hard to remember what parts I liked. Then oh then the most glorious and obvious thing to do was.. to write it down. That spark happened in 8th grade and all thanks to MrsÃ¢â¬âsomething that I canÃ¢â¬â¢t remember. English class though not my number one hated class it was one that I preferred not to take, mostly because of poetry. But there came a day when we were given the chance to write a story. Now before this my stories consisted of me saving the animals of the world, but I had finally got the idea that I was going to tell someone my dream. Eager to get started I grabbed a stack of paper and started writing, I wrote and typed like a mad man running from the cops. During that year I wrote down any idea of how a character looked, quotes, and bits that I could write into a chapter. I was so proud of my work until that dreaded day when I began to see the difference between my story and the stories of my beloved authors. Every book I had read just had more spunk to it. IÃ¢â¬â¢d also bought books on writing and the examples they had, just made me take one look at my writing and want to toss i t away. As I entered high school I rewrote and edited, then re-edited then rewrote my first chapter a gazillion times. Every time I looked at my old writings my stomach would twist up like it was going to hurl, my heart would ache wanting to tell my story to the world, but I wanted it to be perfect. So for two years I just wrote tidbits and daydreamed more and more about this world. I also began to read a lot more books, discovering worlds and new people. After reading or even during the times I read IÃ¢â¬â¢d put a little note down about something a character said, looked like, or what the world was like. Then IÃ¢â¬â¢d sit and think and think, imagining what if or how could that be. Then IÃ¢â¬â¢d start applying it to my story. My story though not written in a novel form, began to take a life of its own, shaping as my knowledge grew until I started having a world that could be seen as realistic. Well, as realistic as one could imagine it. Yet I just could not write a chapter down. It was like IÃ¢â¬â¢d take one step but then the other foot would be caught in mud. I was both too scared and too lazy to do anything about it. I knew I had to do something or else IÃ¢â¬â¢d never have the courage to tell the world my story. Soon the day of getting my lazy butt up and writing more than lines came. It happened during the fall of my junior year. I had moved to Colorado that August and was attending Mesa Ridge High School; I had yet to find something to do besides going to school and going back home. One day on the bus I heard this girl telling the bus driver about a club that if she got her book finished by spring she would have the possibility of giving it to an editor and a possible chance of getting it published. At one of the stops I moved from my seat in the back and moved to the front and asked her when it was and where. The club was called Writers Fusion and was held by three teachers two English teachers Mr. Dyer and Mr. Something I canÃ¢â¬â¢t remember and the Drama teacher Mr. Mac. That Thursday awoke my spirit to write again. Hearing the students read their stories aloud to everyone had me wanting to do just that. So I went home and just wrote, however it wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t until 2014 when I read the book Divergent and found the authorÃ¢â¬â¢s note where she had written that the trick to writing a novel is just to get it out. Just start writing and donÃ¢â¬â¢t edit, that, that is what finally got me to realize I donÃ¢â¬â¢t have to edit one chapter after IÃ¢â¬â¢m done writing it. However it was Writers Fushion that got me into writing my beloved story again. IÃ¢â¬â¢m very glad that I had found that club or else I would have never had the guts to get out of the ditch IÃ¢â¬â¢d dug. Now I donÃ¢â¬â¢t have a really good pitch for my story yet. The only pitch I have right now is- A girl who has to fight a spirit demon. What exactly is a spirit demon? Well, itÃ¢â¬â¢s my little creation along with Gate Guardians, draicorns, and the Gates of the world. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s all about a girl who holds the key to HellÃ¢â¬â¢s Gate and she was cursed by a jealous goddess. She was also cursed because her mother was created by a god who created her mother without the Almighty GodÃ¢â¬â¢s help. However the second curseby the goddessis worse because the son of the most powerful dragon was also cursed with her. Also her mother is a draicorn which is a dragon and unicorn combining both dragon fire and the unicornÃ¢â¬â¢s healing powers together. Her mother along with the boyÃ¢â¬â¢s fatherthe dragonbecame human, along with other creatures, so they could protect the Gates of All the Worlds. These Gates connect all worlds together and animals from the most powerful creatures such as the draicorn to a simple creature like a deer protect the Gates from being destroyed. For if a Gate is destroyed that world is gone. Now the girl who is the daughter of the draicorn must stop a spirit demon named Karyan from finding the Main Gate and from opening the Gates to Hell. Yet here is the twist. Every time she has been reborn on a world she has almost always died before the enemy has been killed or captured once and for all. Odd? I know, but you want to know how I came up with it? Stories, stories, and stories-oh- and more stories.
Thursday, April 23, 2020
Atticus Finch is a wise, single father. He is a qualified, intelligent and distinguished lawyer practising in the south of Alabama in a rural town named Maycomb. Atticus has a high moral integrity and is bred from an upper-class background. He has a brother named Jack Finch and a sister named Alexandra. Atticus has two children named Jean-Louise Finch and Jem Finch. Jem is a quiet, studious boy who loves reading and football. Scout (Jean) is a tomboyish, confident girl who loves rolling in mud in her overalls and reading any book she can get her hands on. Maycomb is a close knit, old and rural town where everyone knows everyone. Its temperatures are always high and oak trees border its many long red dirt roads. 2) What game did the children play most of the summer? What was Atticus attitude when he suspected what they were playing? How is this incident suggestive of the issues that are raised in the novel as a whole? a) The children (Jem, Scout and Dill) played a game called Boo Radley. We will write a custom essay sample on To Kill A Mockingbird Chapter Questions or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page When Atticus discovered what the children were playing he voiced his disapproval of the game and told them that it was unnecessary and harsh to tease, mock or disturb Mr Arthur (Boo) and that they must cease to do so. The incident is suggestive of the issues written throughout the book on the lack of knowledge and experience with any kind of disorder and not knowing how to treat someone with a mental illness or social difference. 3) What purpose do you think the author has in telling about the childrens escapades? a) I think the purpose is to help show the childrens innocence and naivety to the world, it helps us really understand just how young they are but also surprisingly, just how much they manage to learn and understand as they grow and are faced with issues which force maturity and awareness. After the fire at Ms MaudieÃ¢â¬â¢s, things begin to happen that have a great influence on the lives of Scout and Jem. How is the novelist able to hint at the trouble to come? a) The fire at Ms MaudieÃ¢â¬â¢s house the day before the trial shows us how the town will help its own as the neighbourhood gave a hand in trying to salvage Ms MaudieÃ¢â¬â¢s property, I also think the fire marks the end of innocence for Jem and Scout, the book after this point is dominated by the trial of Tom Robinson which brings stark awareness and harsh times for the Finch children. What do you think made Atticus decide to defend Tom Robinson? What reasons does he give Scout for wanting to defend Tom? a) I think Atticus decided to defend Tom because he acknowledged the injustice towards Tom and wants to fight it, he felt he needed to face down MaycombÃ¢â¬â¢s racism and support what he knows is right. He told Scout that he wonÃ¢â¬â¢t win the case but has to take it in order to keep his integrity, that he couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t hold his head up if he didnÃ¢â¬â¢t fight for what he knew was right. 6) How did the children gradually become proud of their father and his quiet achievements? In chapter 11 a Ã¢â¬Å"mad dogÃ¢â¬ wanders though Maycomb. The finch children see the dog and after Atticus is notified, he arrives to submit a perfect headshot to the animal. The children then begin to learn that there is a great deal that they donÃ¢â¬â¢t know about their father and that he isnÃ¢â¬â¢t a boring old man after all. They gain a new respect for him but Scout is young and wants to brag whereas Jem, who is now maturing quickly understands that if this was something he wanted them to know about, he would have told them. Why does Jem have to read to Mrs Dubose? Do you think Atticus was right to make Jem do this? What do the children discover about Mrs Dubose? a) Jem is told by Atticus that he must read to Mrs Dubose daily for a month. This as punishment for destroying her Camellias, Jem did this in response to her slighting and condemning Atticus for defending Tom Robinson. I think that Atticus was right to make Jem do this. It was an important lesson in teaching Jem and Scout about courage and human dignity and it taught them to control their emotions. The children later discover after Mrs Dubose passes away that she was battling a morphine addiction and that the reading was helping her to overcome the habit before she died. They learn that though Mrs Dubose was prejudiced she was also courageous in fighting against the addiction even though she knew it was probably a lost cause, and they realise that courage isnÃ¢â¬â¢t strength or skill with a gun, its standing up for whatÃ¢â¬â¢s right, no matter what. 8) Describe the relationship between Jem, Scout and Calpurina. Why did Aunt Alexandra object to Jem going to CalpurinaÃ¢â¬â¢s church? Jem and Scout both see Calpurina as a strict but loving mother, she is the housemaid and cook but also essentially raised the Finch children. Aunt Alexandra objected to Jem attending CalpurinaÃ¢â¬â¢s church because she felt it was inappropriate for him to be going to a lower class black church with the Ã¢â¬Ëhired helpÃ¢â¬â¢, and that social class and gender roles are of the upmost importance. 9) What is the townÃ¢â¬â¢s reaction to AtticusÃ¢â¬â¢s defence of Tom Robinson at the trial? How does AtticusÃ¢â¬â¢s family suffer? Where does Atticus go on the Sunday evening before the trial? Why does he try to send the children home? a) The majority of Maycomb is shocked, AtticusÃ¢â¬â¢s determination to take and win the trial is powerful and most have never seen such a strong display of morality before, most of Maycomb would have nonchalantly stood by as Tom was accused guilty with barely any court defence. Jem and Scout both suffer at home and outside of the home as many people feel the need to express their prejudiced views to the children, this along with many other things is what led to the rapid maturity of mainly Jem, but Scout also. On the Sunday evening Atticus travels to the jail to stand guard and protect Tom Robinson as he was notified of possible Ã¢â¬Å"trouble and disturbance at the JailÃ¢â¬â¢. When Jem and Dill run into the crowd, led by Scout, they are suddenly aware that they have walked into a bad situation. Though Jem realises the situation is precarious, he made a decision to stay and help Atticus protect Tom even after his fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s thorough protests. Dill and Scout on the other hand, are still too young to completely understand what is going on. They stand and fight with Jem though, knowing what he is doing will be what is right. Atticus continues to plea, order, threaten and at times, almost beg in a desperate attempt for the children to go home. He realises what a dangerous situation this is and could become if the mob turns violent so wants to protect them from this. 10) Why did the Ã¢â¬ËLynch MobÃ¢â¬â¢ go home? What main point do you think the novelist hoped to make by introducing this episode into the story? a) The Lynch mob left the jail on Mr CunninghamÃ¢â¬â¢s command. Scout, who misunderstanding whatÃ¢â¬â¢s going on, reminded him of his own human dignity. By asking question about his son Walter, Scout luckily struck a cord with Mr Cunningham and embarrassed him into leaving and dispersing the crowd. I think it points out how the prejudice escalated when the trial drew closer until it threatened violence. It also showed how there are people that can learn to overcome their prejudice and see past the racism. 11) What is the atmosphere in Maycomb on the day of the trial? a) The atmosphere that surrounds Maycomb on the trial day is one of apprehension, tension and excitement. Never before has a lawyer defended a black man so honestly, especially not in the small southern town of Maycomb. Everyone is shocked by AtticusÃ¢â¬â¢s courage in defending Tom, they all want to witness this rare case so the town fills the courtroom to its limit as each person hopes to catch a glimpse of this momentous event. 12) What is your impression of the persecution witnesses and their evidence? My impression is that the evidence is very circumstantial. There was no one else there to witness the Ã¢â¬ËcrimeÃ¢â¬â¢ and only the statements of the people in question, which is suspicious and leads to reasonable doubt. Unfortunately this would never be taken to affect their case, as it is a white manÃ¢â¬â¢s word against a blackÃ¢â¬â¢s so obviously the EwellÃ¢â¬â¢s over ruled TomÃ¢â¬â¢s statement. A black man would never be believed over a white man. 13) How did Scout and Jem feel after the trial? How did Atticus feel? What do you think of the verdict? Scout and especially Jem were totally astounded. To them the evidence was black and white, and the verdict should have been the same. They believed that with such solid evidence, Tom would be exonerated. This of course is true, the evidence should have been more than enough to save Tom, but the children learn once again that as Atticus said, Ã¢â¬Å"The one place where a man ought to get a square deal is in a courtroom, be he any colour of the rainbow, but people have a way of carrying their resentments right into a jury box. No matter how compounding the evidence, Tom would have been wrongly accused, Atticus also mentions, Ã¢â¬Å"In our courts, when itÃ¢â¬â¢s a white mans word against a black manÃ¢â¬â¢s, the white man always wins. TheyÃ¢â¬â¢re ugly, but those are the facts of life. Ã¢â¬ Which was utterly true. The injustice changes Jem and Scout and their childish innocent belief that they would win the case serves as a condemnation of the racist adult society of Maycomb. 14) After the trial Jem said, Ã¢â¬Å"ThereÃ¢â¬â¢s four kinds of folk in the worldÃ¢â¬ , but Scout said, Ã¢â¬Å"ThereÃ¢â¬â¢s just one kind of folksÃ¢â¬ . Do you agree with Jem or Scout? Why? a) I agree with both, there is in reality just one kind of Ã¢â¬ËfolkÃ¢â¬â¢. We are all human and totally equal, but in the same sense there are also four or more kinds of people. Although we all like to think all of man is treated equally, we are not. As much as we donÃ¢â¬â¢t like to acknowledge it, we are all governed by social and economic class and in some parts of the world, we are still ruled by race and gender prejudice. Class separates us all to this day, in school, work, home and everywhere else. Ã¢â¬ËThe poplarsÃ¢â¬â¢ govern schools socially. Managers govern work, towns/cities and even countries are controlled by people who have had opportunities throughout their lives that others havenÃ¢â¬â¢t. This is not something that I imagine will change for many generations, if ever. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s the way the world works; survival of the fittest has controlled our lives since the beginning of man and probably will continue to do so for a very long time. 15) What did Jem suggest as the real reason why Boo Radley stayed shut up all the time? What do you think of his suggestion? Jem suggested that Boo stayed Ã¢â¬Ëshut upÃ¢â¬â¢ inside his house because he wants to. This makes sense. The pressure of everyday life causes many people to want hibernate, shy away from society and refuse to face up to everyday responsibilities. Life is daunting and corrupt in many ways, and to Boo whom experiences social Ã¢â¬ËdisadvantagesÃ¢â¬â¢ or disabilities, this would make it even harder. I can understand why he would stay inside, people didnÃ¢â¬â¢t understand why he was different in those times so Boo would not receive any extra help or guidance and would be harshly ladled and tormented. What impression did you get of MaycombÃ¢â¬â¢s ladies from the tea party? What is their attitude to the Murnas? And to MaycombÃ¢â¬â¢s Negroes? Do you agree with Mrs Merriweather who says at least they are not hypocrites? a) The impression of MaycombÃ¢â¬â¢s ladies is that they are Their attitude towards the Murnas isÃ¢â¬ ¦. Mrs Merriweather is totally wrong, they are the definition of hypocrisy. She talks of Ã¢â¬Å"helpingÃ¢â¬ the people of Africa, when in fact; she would never treat them as equals. This is easily indicated by her condescending attitude toward the black population of Maycomb. What do we learn about Bob EwellÃ¢â¬â¢s behaviour in the months after the trial? What does this indicate? a) Bob became increasingly violent and offensive towards the FinchÃ¢â¬â¢s as he was consumed by hate. This shows that he was proud, superficial man, unable to forget the fact that Atticus made him out to be the fool in the trial. He is holding a grudge towards Atticus for affecting his reputation and dignity. Bob is the type of man that will get angry, and then get even. This frightens the Finch children to no end and with good reason! Why did Heck Tate insist Bob Ewell fell on his own knife? Do you think he was right? a) Sherriff Tate insisted this because he did not want to involve Boo in the death. He decided that Boo was saving other peoples lives and doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t need more attention. I think he was right to do that, Boo is an innocent who is unable to deal with the sadness and messiness of the outside world so involving him would have been cruel as Scout says, Ã¢â¬Å"Bringing attention to Boo would be like shooting a Mockingbird. You never really know a man until you stand in his shoes and walk around in them. Ã¢â¬ What had Scout learned about Boo Radley by the time she returned home that night? a) Scout learnt to understand AtticusÃ¢â¬â¢s lesson about walking in another manÃ¢â¬â¢s shoes, after walking Boo home she sees her and JemÃ¢â¬â¢s life as Boo must have seen it. She stood in BooÃ¢â¬â¢s skin and felt his dignity, seeing things from his point of view made her realise what Atticus had meant. 20) Ã¢â¬Å"I donÃ¢â¬â¢t know, but they did it. TheyÃ¢â¬â¢ve done it before and they did it tonight and theyÃ¢â¬â¢ll do it again and when they do it Ã¢â¬â it seems only the children weep. Goodnight. Ã¢â¬ What does Atticus mean by this? What does the statement say about society? a) Atticus is saying how weeping innocent children are a condemnation of the wicked, weak and uncaring adults. The statement talks about the injustice that doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t seem to affect the adults, only the children, because they are young, caring and unprejudiced. It shows how society is made up of adults that sadly seem to lack goodness, courage and basic human dignity.